Birdwings are named for their … Papua New Guinea, Oro province, Magalas plateau, caterpillar of Queen Alexandra's birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae), the largest butterfly in the world Queen Alexandra's Birdwing (Ornithopetera alexandrae) Large Butterfly in the Key West Butterfly Conservatory. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Newly emerged larvae eat their own eggshells before feeding on fresh foliage. However, the eruption of nearby Mount Lamington in the 1950s destroyed a very large area of this species' former habitat and is a key reason for its current rarity. From iridescent blue Swallowtails (Papilio spp.) The species has been declared as ‘EN’ (Endangered) by the IUCN 2.3 since they are decreasing in population due to deforestation and resultant habitat loss. It is only found in the forests of Papua New Guinea. A. A. The pupa is golden yellow or tan in colour with black markings. The female Queen Alexandra's Birdwing lays its eggs on the pipevine plant (Aristolochia schlecteri). The sex of the pupa of this species can also be distinguished, with the males having a vague charcoal patch on their wing cases. It has a wingspan of around 30 cms, and the world’s smallest butterfly, Western Pygmy Blue, has a wingspan of only, 1.5 cm. The Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing is the largest butterfly in the world and is known for their vibrant coloration. Receptive females will allow the male to land and pair, while unreceptive females will fly off or otherwise discourage mating. There is a pronounced sex brand. It was originally discovered by Albert Stewart Meek, who was employed by Lord Walter Rothschild (who named it) in 1907, in Papua New Guinea. In 2001 the lepidopterist Gilles Deslisle proposed placing it in its own subgenus (which some writers have treated as a genus); he originally proposed the name Zeunera, but this is a junior homonym (with Zeunera Piton 1936 [Orthoptera]), and his replacement is Straatmana.[6]. Female: Female Queen Alexandra’s birdwings are larger than males with marked rounder, broader wings.The female butterfly’s wingspan can reach an incredible 28 cm (11 in. [4], The species was discovered in 1906 by Albert Stewart Meek, a collector employed by Walter Rothschild to collect natural history specimens from New Guinea. The naturalist, who was employed by Walter Rothschild to seek out butterflies, recounted his discovery in Papua New Guinea in a 1913 book. Required fields are marked *. The adults are powerful fliers most active in the early morning and again at dusk when they actively feed at flowers. How an educator uses Prezi Video to approach adult learning theory 1992. The caterpillars are also colourful. Its wingspan is 0.5 to 0.75 inch. Like many other swallowtail butterflies, the birdwing caterpillars eat plants that contain poison but do not kill it. The butterfly is found in a very limited area in New Guinea in five local subspecies. The Queen Alexandra's birdwing is considered endangered by the IUCN,[1] being restricted to approximately 100 km2 (40 sq mi) of coastal rainforest near Popondetta, Oro Province, Papua New Guinea. A dorsal/top down view of an adult female Queen Alexandra's birdwing. It takes around six weeks for the insect to reach the stage of the chrysalis. Female Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing. Sept. 17, 2020. They have 2 compound eyes, antennae, a proboscis, 6 … The time taken for this species to develop from egg to pupa is approximately six weeks, with the pupal stage taking a month or more. The butterfly can weigh as much as 12 grams, which is quite ‘heavy’ in comparison to the entire butterfly family. The female lays her eggs underneath the leaves. This birdwing is restricted to the forests of the Oro Province in eastern Papua New Guinea. Goliath Birdwing is the second largest butterfly species in the world, next only to Queen Alexandra’s birdwing. • Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing butterflies are very strong fliers and fly high up in the forests. A Common Birdwing caterpillar molts to its pupal stage, played at 8x speed mostly. Under ideal conditions, the female Queen Alexandra's birdwing is capable of laying over 240 eggs throughout its life. The Queen Alexandra's Birdwing butterfly lives in the lowland rain forests of northern of Papua New Guinea, with a wingspan of 30cm (1 foot) and an average of 3 inches in head and body length.It is believed to be the largest butterfly on Earth. Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing butterflies are insects. In the case of Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing, their home is lethal. Queen Alexandra's birdwing butterfly is the largest species of butterfly in the world: its wings can reach a span of over 25cm. atlas mothOne of the goliaths of the insect world, the atlas moth is a gentle giant – but behind every oversized moth is a very hungry caterpillar. Ornithoptera alexandrae, the Queen Alexandra's birdwing, is the largest species of butterfly in the world, with females reaching wingspans slightly in excess of 25 cm to 28 cm (9.8 inches to 11 inches). Papilionidae)", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T15513A4722611.en, "Queen Alexandra's Birdwing Butterfly Facts For Kids & Adults: Pictures, Information & Video", https://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/butterflies-with-bullet-holes.html, "Endangered Species - Queen Alexandra's Birdwing Butterfly Facts", Southeastern peninsula of Papua New Guinea Ecoregion, Enchanted Learning - Queen Alexandra's Birdwing Butterfly, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Queen_Alexandra%27s_birdwing&oldid=993096371, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Female (above) and male (below), not to scale. Courtship is brief but spectacular; males hover above a potential mate, dousing her with a pheromone to induce mating. Fish and Wildlife Service.[8]. The Queen Alexandra Birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae) is the largest living butterfly, with a wingspan that stretches almost a foot across. • Queen Alexandra’s Birdwings are rarebecause they are only found in one area of Papua New Guinea. 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