Male flower panicles come out in June/July. A thicket-forming, drought-tolerant shrub or small tree, native to a wide range across North America. Geographic Distribution A plastic chair over them would do well and let in the morning and evening sun. Feb 26, 2020 - Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are handsome shrubs with fruits eaten by both birds and people. The fragrant sumac is very similar, but has only 3 leaflets and yellow flowers (Kindscher 1987: 191). Soil & Site: If you have alkaline soil, your better bet is the Smooth Sumac. (By: Eike Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) male flower panicle at the early stage. Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. Poison Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac Poison Sumac Leaflets are not jagged or hairy. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other open, disturbed areas. Twigs and petioles hairless and with a pale waxy coating. Oval-shaped. (By: USDA). Smooth Sumac Berries. Unique Stems and Twigs: Staghorn sumac has velvet (hairy) twigs and smooth sumac has no hair but instead a fine white powder that is easily removed when touched. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Sumac is a plant that we want to encourage growing on the lane down to the highway. Keeps for a day or two without a problem. Put the pot in a warm area away from direct sun. belong to the same family. (in the middle) Tree of Heaven on the other hand is very hairy. part 1 of two part article by Kathleen Keeler You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. Put in a hole and cover with the soil from the hole mixed with composted manure or compost. The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) range. Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern half of the … The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. Fruit clusters tighter, more consistently upright. Both can do well in soils that are a little acidic to neutral. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. smooth sumac This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac. Harvesting: In the late summer to early fall the clusters of berries will be bright red and ready to pick. (By: Superior National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) drupe panicle (berry cluster). Habitat and Range . Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. (By: Aha GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), Red deer stag velvet on antler. Water well and keep wet for the first year if done in spring. You can also start it by seed or transplanting a small one. Staghorn Sumac Growing to the Left of Tree of Heaven They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! Transplanting: Transplanting is straight forward. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississippi area … Put the pinkish red drink in a fridge to cool, or over ice to have right away. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . How to Tell the Difference Between Sumac and Tree of Heaven. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) with drupe panicles (berry clusters) ready for harvest. Bark: (Both) Brown, smooth possible becoming scaly. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Uncommon. Unlike the staghorn sumac, it has smooth, hairless stems and fruit. Wild Foods Home Garden Logo Copyright © 2017 David G. Mills. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. Staghorn Sumac also can form large colonies from aggressive root suckers, something too many homeowners have discovered after buying one of the horticultural varieties offered in the garden trade. admin 30.12.2019 0 Comments Contents. Originally the content in this site was a book that was sold through Amazon worldwide. Make sure you know what a Poison Sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) looks like. Smooth Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac. Averages taller and can reach 40 feet in height; more likely to have a tree-like habit. Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. Twigs: (Smooth) Hairless. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Denser growth habit, often letting less light through. (Below) The red color of their leaves in fall is intensified by their clustered growth. You can see where the leaf was attached. (By: Lubiesque CC BY-SA 3.0), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) branch after leaves have fallen off. (Below) The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. This may not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. The best soil is rich in organic matter, well drained and moist. These were found mid August, and are usually good right into late September.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildfoodshomegarden_com-leader-1','ezslot_7',109,'0','0'])); Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) growth early in the season. The leaf margins of the look-alikes have small teeth, with the exception of winged Tree of Heaven, commonly known as, ailanthus, or in Standard Chinese as chouchun, is a deciduous tree in the Simaroubaceae family. The specific epithet glabra means smooth. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. After planting, cover the ground with mulch to help keep the soil moist. (By: Richtid CC BY-SA 3.0), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) male flower panicle. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), above, is smooth just like its name. Smooth sumac occurs from Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. This is a well regarded ornamental, and there are different cultivars of it available at nurseries. Fruit clusters slightly looser, more likely to droop or lean. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) is a native, deciduous shrub. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. That fuzz is the source of the name staghorn; the … Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. Staghorn and smooth sumac have more than 13 leaflets, and the leaflets have a serrated edge. Both plants can grow together and may be difficult to tell apart. The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. Seeds: You can start a Sumac from seed, but it is not just planting it in the ground. In comparison with Staghorn Sumac, R. typhina, the individual red berries of smooth sumac appear more like distinct individual berries without so many hairs. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Staghorn and Smooth Sumac, but just finding the berries, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site Staghorn and Smooth Sumac page.). This drink cuts thirst better than almost anything else. Poison Sumac: How to Identify It, and What to Do if You’ve Been Exposed. Open uplands, including old fields, clearings, and roadsides, but in slightly differnt ranges. If you find the mix you made too sharp, just dilute with cold water. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . Next, take the seeds and mix with some damp but not wet peat moss and put in a sealed freezer bag in the fridge - not freezer. It is only located in very wet areas. Characteristics: Winged sumac and smooth sumac are two common and closely related woody plants in Oklahoma.They are members of the family Anacardiaceae, which also includes cashews, pistachios, mango, poison ivy and poison sumac.Each has compound leaves that turn bright red or orange in the fall. In this one location a similar-looking tree also grows, called Tree of Heaven, which serves no utilitarian purpose. Take the mix and pour into a clean coffee filter over a pot, or through a clean and well rinsed tea towel. The staghorn sumac commonly grows a few inches higher than the smooth sumac, but has few other apparent differences (Angier [2008] 1974: 224). Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). All Drawings Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! The roots are shallow, so 20 cm (10 inches) deep is good enough. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Poison sumac, on the other hand, first of all isn't as common. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. and making sumacade. Both species grow as shrubs to small trees and may form extensive thickets. However, I wanted the information to available to everyone free of charge, so I made this website. Once they have sprouted, take off the bag and mist to keep moist and grow in a bright, but not direct burning sun spot. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) early in the season. before straining. Every morning at 5 a.m. my girlfriend Lorie and I walk. The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. Part sun, part shade would be best, but if no shade where they are transplanted to, cover them from direct mid-day sun after transplanting. The Smooth Sumac is also the better choice for drier conditions. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. A thicket-forming shrub or small tree native to eastern North America; a pioneer species preferring rocky soils. Sparser growth habit, often letting ample light through. Don't transplant very little ones, or really large ones. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. These will not turn into the edible berry clusters - those are female. No hair on twigs.. WHITE, smooth berries in loose clusters, sometimes hanging downward. This picture clearly shows why it is called the Staghorn - the fuzzy branch looks like a deer stag's antler - see the picture below this one. Cover around the new tree with about 5-7.5 cm (2-3 inches) of mulch. If you plant in an area where it is mowed around, this will keep it in check. Tends to have a shrubbier habit. Winged sumac occurs in glades, upland prairies, savannas, openings of upland forests, and open disturbed areas. (Pictured below) Staghorn Sumac tends to have less pubescence. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is easily identified by its winged stems. Two similar native trees are red cedar (Toona ciliata) and pencil cedar (Polyscias murrayi ).The noxious weed rhus (Toxicodendron succedaneum) is a similar but smaller tree, with smaller compound leaves which do not have a gland on each leaflet. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. The new growth has the purplish color. Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. Grows only in wetlands. Leave for a month or so. Smaller average and maximum size, both height and trunk diameter. Between 60-100 cm (2-3 feet) high is about right. without written permission from the author. Transplant in the spring into the ground and keep moist for the first season. You have to either cut the hard shell without damaging the seed inside, or bring a pot of water to a boil, turn off, toss the seeds in, and leave until the water cools. Berries are slightly larger in Staghorn. Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, very similar to smooth sumac, is native to the eastern US. Staghorn sumac leaves and flowers. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. DH husband used to be able to bushwhack the stuff and come out with nothing. (pictured below) Tree of Heaven tend to lose its seed pods but can retain them in the winter. (By: Mehmet Karatay CC BY-SA 3.0), These trees are very beautiful edible landscaping trees. There isn't much else to do for them. smooth sumac: R. glabra: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: hairless stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed, irregularly: no wings: staghorn sumac: R. typhina: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: long hairs on stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed: no wings There is significant variety in size and form in the genus, but Rhus glabra, smooth sumac, and Rhus typhina, staghorn sumac, are two of the larger forms that can be grown as small trees. 7-9 leaflets per stem. Text Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. Viburnums: Nannyberry, Highbush Cranberries & Others, USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2, Interactive USDA distribution map and plant profile, The Biota of North America Program (BONAP) distribution map. You’ll see a large grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot. Most likely the one you transplant will be a root sucker from a larger one nearby, so cut that root as far from the one you are transplanting as you can. I use smooth sumac which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs”. For lemonade I pick the good berries from each head, pour room-temp water over them, mash with a large spoon (I use a potato masher), and steep about 15-30 min. Maintenance: This plant will spread readily by the roots and can take over an area by forming clonal colonies. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Dwarf sumac can have the same number of leaflets as poison sumac, but the leaf stalk has “wings”, as show in figure 3, in keeping with its alternate name, winged sumac. However, the flowers can really help if you want to keep (Sumac) or pitch (Tree of Heaven). It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. The twigs on poison sumac are smooth; those on staghorn sumac are covered in tiny hairs. It can tolerate any soil type. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) range. After, plant the seeds 3mm (1/8 inch) deep in a pot with potting soil, mist it until it is moist, cover with a clear plastic bag and put a rubber band around the bag and pot to seal in the moisture. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Smooth sumac can get up to 20 feet tall, but is often between 10 and 20 feet in height. Cut below the cluster with a sharp knife, pruners or sharp, strong scissors and take inside to use. Search Wild Foods Home Garden & Nature's Restaurant Websites: Close up of perfect Staghorn Sumac berries (called drupes) on this cluster (called a panicle) ripe for picking (which I did with this one). (By: Brosen CC BY-SA 3.0). Try to get as big diameter around the Sumac as possible. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. (Staghorn) Densely hairy. They like full sun, but can do fine if they spend some of the day in shade. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. All Photographs Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted.*. In its name, typhina means “like Typha,” cattails, referring to the fine fuzz on its leaves and twigs. Add some mulch around them each fall - leaves from the rest of the surrounding yard is a great way to get rid of them and mulch these. Tree of heaven is native to China and has naturalized throughout much of the U.S. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. If done in the fall, water well after planting, and the next year don't let it dry out. Recipe search on the web here (Google search) and here (Bing search). Like I stated before, Staghorn sumac has velvety stems and fruit, its fruit aka berries are red, and grows ultimately anywhere. Identifying Sumac: Poisonous vs. harmless I don't know that I have mentioned, but poisonous plants and I DO NOT get along well. Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic ), red deer stag velvet on.... Especially the smooth Sumac occurs from Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west Texas. Shrubs to small trees and may form extensive thickets smooth possible becoming scaly smooth, stems... 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